When the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, China had a weak medical and health system due to low levels of development in its economy and society. The nation had only 3,670 medical and health institutions, 541,000 health workers and 85,000 beds at health institutions. The average life expectancy was 35 years. To change this situation, the government devoted great efforts to developing the medical and health services, and implemented guidelines which stipulated that the health services were to serve vast majority of the people, that prevention should be stressed, that both Western medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) should be utilized, and that health promotion and people's involvement should be incorporated. The people were mobilized to carry out health promotion programs, and basic knowledge about healthcare was widely spread. All this greatly enhanced the people's health, and major breakthroughs were made in medical sciences. Chlamydia trachomatis was identified for the first time by Chinese scientists; Chinese doctors performed the world's first replantation of a severed limb; and artemisinin, an effective cure for malaria, was extracted in a Chinese laboratory.
The research was done on China's four major terrestrial ecosystems－forest, grassland, shrub land and farmland－and samples were collected throughout China over a five-year period, said Fang Jingyun, academic director of the Institute of Botany at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, who was the leading scientist behind the project.
China's special features are "of great importance both scientifically and societally", said Inder Verma, an academician of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States.
比追问“为什么货车一定要超载”更需要追问的其实是：为什么我国“公路三乱”问题总得不到解决 ？我国自上世纪90年代就明确了“公路三乱”的概念 ，近几年以来 ，国务院几乎每年都下发一份之如“关于印发某某年治理‘公路三乱’工作要点的通知” ，每年对“公路三乱”重点集中整治。然而 ，效果却总是不能让人感觉到满意。
Alongside Ke's individual battle, two other Chinese players, Lian Xiao and Gu Li, will take on each other assisted by the AlphaGo program in a man versus computer pairs battle.
The company is also alleged to have discharged industrial wastewater into the Fenhe River, a major tributary of the Yellow River.