When the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, China had a weak medical and health system due to low levels of development in its economy and society. The nation had only 3,670 medical and health institutions, 541,000 health workers and 85,000 beds at health institutions. The average life expectancy was 35 years. To change this situation, the government devoted great efforts to developing the medical and health services, and implemented guidelines which stipulated that the health services were to serve vast majority of the people, that prevention should be stressed, that both Western medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) should be utilized, and that health promotion and people's involvement should be incorporated. The people were mobilized to carry out health promotion programs, and basic knowledge about healthcare was widely spread. All this greatly enhanced the people's health, and major breakthroughs were made in medical sciences. Chlamydia trachomatis was identified for the first time by Chinese scientists; Chinese doctors performed the world's first replantation of a severed limb; and artemisinin, an effective cure for malaria, was extracted in a Chinese laboratory.
China has become a world leader in carbon-related climate and ecological research, scientists said on Tuesday, adding that recent discoveries will help other countries effectively mitigate carbon emissions and tackle climate change on a greater scale.
"Our findings have opened new insights into improving ecological carbon mitigation through human efforts. They will help China and other countries that are experiencing similar ecological challenges to be more green and beautiful."
China will carry out a more stringent intellectual property protection system to reinforce IP protection, the head of IPR watchdog said on Tuesday.