When the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, China had a weak medical and health system due to low levels of development in its economy and society. The nation had only 3,670 medical and health institutions, 541,000 health workers and 85,000 beds at health institutions. The average life expectancy was 35 years. To change this situation, the government devoted great efforts to developing the medical and health services, and implemented guidelines which stipulated that the health services were to serve vast majority of the people, that prevention should be stressed, that both Western medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) should be utilized, and that health promotion and people's involvement should be incorporated. The people were mobilized to carry out health promotion programs, and basic knowledge about healthcare was widely spread. All this greatly enhanced the people's health, and major breakthroughs were made in medical sciences. Chlamydia trachomatis was identified for the first time by Chinese scientists; Chinese doctors performed the world's first replantation of a severed limb; and artemisinin, an effective cure for malaria, was extracted in a Chinese laboratory.
The project has expanded the academic scope of ecological science, created invaluable data for more accurate environment evaluation and bolstered China's influence in negotiating climate-related topics on the world stage, he said.
The research was done on China's four major terrestrial ecosystems－forest, grassland, shrub land and farmland－and samples were collected throughout China over a five-year period, said Fang Jingyun, academic director of the Institute of Botany at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, who was the leading scientist behind the project.
本次峰会主题为“活力亚太，全球引擎”，主要议题包括实现茂物目标(19 9 4年A P E C峰会通过的《茂物宣言》确立了在亚太地区实现自由开放的贸易和投资的目标，即“茂物目标”)、可持续和公平增长、亚太互联互通等。
The Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU) based in Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi province, has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Jiangsu provincial government to jointly build NPU Research Institute in the Yangtze River Delta and NPU Taicang Campus.